The #4opens is a framework for evaluating technology projects that are based on open data, open source, open standards, and open process.
* Open data refers to the availability of data to the public, free of charge and without any restriction on its use. This is considered a basic requirement for a project to be considered open.
* Open source refers to software that is free to use, modify, and distribute. This promotes healthy development and increases interconnectedness, bringing in serendipity. Open licenses are used to ensure the project remains open and free to use.
* Open standards refer to technical standards that are open to the public and are not controlled by any one organization. This is essential for the open internet and the World Wide Web, and allows for interoperability between different systems.
* Open process refers to the transparency and openness of the project’s decision-making and development process. This can include the use of wikis and activity streams, and is considered a “glue” that binds together the trust networks that make up a project.
The #4opens framework is intended to help judge the value of alternative or grassroots technology projects, and ensure that they are truly open and have the trust networks required for success.
The #4opens framework includes a badge system to recognize projects that meet certain levels of openness. Projects that meet two or more of the opens criteria can earn a bronze badge, those that meet three criteria can earn a silver badge, and those that meet all four criteria can earn a gold badge. This badge system is intended to help promote and recognize projects that are truly open and contribute to the openweb ecosystem. The solidarity between the projects that have the same level of openness is a good way to share knowledge, experience and make stronger the openweb family.